圣诞老人说德语

圣诞老人原本是一位土耳其苦修士,在中世纪的时候,他穿越欧洲的中部和北部,为孩子们送去礼物,声称自己是4世纪传道的希腊圣·尼古拉的化身。和圣诞树一起,Sankt Niklaus,德国人对乐善好施的圣诞老人的称呼,成为了德国圣诞节的中心。在17世纪和18世纪里,德国移民,即所谓的德裔宾州人,将这一传统带到了美国,并从那里传扬到全世界,就好像为可口可乐打造市场品牌一样。

2006年,圣诞老人又从德国而来,带着满满一口袋经济周期的好消息。IFO经济景气指数从2005年后开始攀升,达到了德国统一后的最高水平。经过几年的缓慢增长,德国经济在2006年达到年增长率2.5%。尽管增值税将在2007年提高三个百分点,德国的经济增长仍会维持一个健康的状态,保持在2%左右。

IFO经济景气指数每月会向7000家公司(主要是德国制造业的公司)问询目前的经济状况以及对未来6个月的展望。IFO经济景气指数已经存在了半个世纪,据路透社的一项民意调查,它是欧洲最著名的经济指标,甚至超过了欧盟官方的指标。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/2tIhMdR/zh;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.