母亲生命线

伊斯兰堡—上个月,牛津大学格林坦普顿学院(GTC)在艾格洛夫公园(Egrove Park)召开了一年一度的新兴市场研讨会。今年的主题是“母婴健康和营养”。学院学者史蒂芬·肯尼迪(Stephen Kennedy)在开幕致辞的最后演示了一张卡通幻灯片,上面画着两个年轻的选手正在开始一场竞赛:其中一位强壮而健康,另一位又瘦又弱,被束缚着手脚,身患沉疴,还饱受营养不良困扰。潜台词显而易见:并非所有人生而具有平等的成功机会。

当然,这算不上什么突破性洞见。贫困、母亲文化水平、卫生和儿童健康的家庭条件等因素的影响及其反过来对社会和经济结果的冲击一目了然。问题在于这些因素是无法通过孤立的公共卫生干预解决的。但另一个讨论较少的社会决定因素——母亲的营养可以。

自希波克拉底时代以来,人们一直在讨论“先天”和“后天”如何相互影响以决定一个人的发展。事实上,即使在古代文明中,充足的母亲营养也被认为是确保下一代生存和繁荣的关键因素。但贫困和无知可以让最好的初衷化为泡影。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/rTItE2Z/zh;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now