Путь Садата 30 лет спустя

Толедо -- Если «один смелый человек формирует большинство», как говорил Эндрю Джексон, то 30 лет назад в ноябре 1977 года президент Египта Анвар Садат был таким человеком. Его предложение о заключении мира с Израилем ошеломило Ближний Восток. Он, по его собственным словам, отправился на «край света» (Кнессет в Иерусалиме) и, сделав это, преобразил политику региона до неузнаваемости.

С того момента для арабов вопрос состоял не в том как уничтожить Израиль, а как достичь компромисса с ним. Своим поразительным прыжком в будущее Садат показал арабским лидерам реалии меняющегося мира.

Мирное предложение Садата было сделано на основе трезвого стратегического анализа регионального баланса сил. Ему было ясно, что Израиль был ядерной державой, которая в октябре 1973 года еще раз доказала свою непобедимость в войне с применением обычных вооружений – войне, в которой Садат не рассчитывал одержать победу, когда начинал ее.

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