Putinův problém s plynem

HOUSTON – Pozorovatelé Ruska se právem soustředí na křehké příměří na Ukrajině a snaží se uhádnout tamní záměry prezidenta Vladimíra Putina. Mají-li ovšem projevit moudrost, neměli by přehlížet další rozbíhající se zápas, který bude mít hluboké a dlouhodobé důsledky pro Evropu a Putinovu schopnost vyvíjet na kontinent tlak.

Loni v prosinci obří ruská plynařská společnost Gazprom podepsala s tureckým provozovatelem plynovodů memorandum o porozumění ohledně výstavby plynovodu z Ruska do Turecka pod Černým mořem. Tento nový „Turecký tok“ je alternativou k černomořskému plynovodu „Jižní tok“ (South Stream) z Ruska do Bulharska – záměru, od něhož Kreml v prosinci ustoupil, v reakci na sankce, jež Evropská unie zavedla po ruské invazi na Ukrajinu a anexi Krymu.

Projekt South Stream nedokázal dostát směrnicím EU v oblasti ochrany hospodářské soutěže a energetiky a ohlášení tureckého plynovodu zřejmě upevní pověst Ruska jako nespolehlivého partnera, což urychlí evropské hledání náhradních zdrojů dodávek. Riskováním svého nejlukrativnějšího trhu Putin skutečně projevuje téměř sebevražednou lhostejnost k ruské ekonomice – a patrně mu nejde o nic jiného než zabetonovat nepřátelství vůči Ukrajině.

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