Afghan children Noor Mohammad/Stringer

普京与塔利班之舞

新德里——在经济和人口领域,俄罗斯可能正在衰退,但在战略领域却是一股复兴的力量,它正在执行的重大军备改良计划将促使其持续扩大全球影响力。克里姆林宫最近的地缘战略目标之一是阿富汗,在这里美国人曾卷入其有史以来持续时间最长的战争。

在苏联自己的阿富汗战争结束近三十年后——恰恰是阿富汗战争导致苏联经济衰落并破坏了这个共产主义国家——俄罗斯已经开始树立自己在阿富汗事务中的核心角色。而且克里姆林拥抱阿富汗塔利班的行为令人惊讶。俄罗斯一直将巴基斯坦流氓军种间间谍机构一手创造的反政府部队视为重要的恐怖威胁。在2009到2015年,俄罗斯充当了由美国领导的阿富汗塔利班打击部队的关键后勤保障路线;它甚至派遣军用直升机参与到行动当中。

俄罗斯对阿富汗塔利班态度的逆转其实是俄与美欧盟国冲突总体战略的反应——自2014年俄罗斯吞并克里米亚以来上述冲突已大大加剧,并促使美国和欧洲对俄进行重大经济制裁。事实上,从某种意义上讲,俄美在阿富汗问题上互换了角色。

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