俄国移动的总统目标

最近,一起小事件在俄国政坛激起千层波浪。普京总统的顾问舒瓦洛夫说,预计出现某个人物,普京总统会考虑他作为可能的继任者,这是现实的。这一说法引起轩然大波,引发大量的评论。

这里没有什么奇怪的。俄国有些古老的政治文化过多地将权力拟人化。有关国家未来的感觉和评估经常是大大依赖于其领导人的个性、果敢以及其智力和道德素质。

而且,普京本人也有兴趣在其继任人的问题上尽量长时间地保持不确定性。这样做,他就避免由于成为“蹩脚鸭”总统而对其权威造成的损害,特别是鉴于俄国奴性的官僚体制及其缺乏可靠的机制和受到尊重的传统来实施平稳的权力转移。

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