Russland und der Westen nach dem Irakkrieg

Die von den USA angeführte Invasion im Irak stellte die Wirksamkeit des heutigen internationalen Systems in Frage. Obwohl die Vereinigten Staaten im Irak wahrscheinlich nicht alle ihre Ziele erreichen werden, so haben sie durch den Krieg ihre globale Vormachtstellung bestätigt und ausgebaut. Wie soll nun Russland darauf reagieren? Wo liegen seine Interessen und welche Politik soll verfolgt werden? Vor allem, wo soll sich Russland angesichts der beginnenden Rivalität zwischen Europa und den USA selbst positionieren?

Durch die Krise im Irak traten tiefgreifende Unterschiede zwischen den USA und Westeuropa in Fragen der politischen Kultur, der Ethik, der Ansätze in der internationalen Politik und der Rolle militärischer Macht zu Tage. Diese Unterschiede werden die auf gemeinsamen Werten und Interessen basierenden Grundfesten der transatlantischen Allianz nicht zerstören, aber der Aspekt des Wettbewerbes wird zwangsläufig stärker in den Vordergrund treten, auch der des Wettbewerbes um Russland.

Der Krieg im Irak hat aber auch den kritischen Zustand der Außen- und Verteidigungspolitik der Europäischen Union offenkundig werden lassen. Versuche, eine einheitliche Stimme Europas zu etablieren, schlugen offensichtlich fehl. Angesichts der zu erwartenden noch größeren Differenzen nach der EU-Erweiterung, darf man sich auch in Zukunft nicht allzu viel erwarten. Außerdem wird Washington angesichts der Verhärtung der Fronten danach trachten, Bemühungen um eine einheitliche Außen- und Verteidigungspolitik in der EU zu vereiteln. Ohne eine solche gemeinsame Politik wird die EU aber in absehbarer Zukunft in der weltpolitischen Unterliga bleiben.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/uyjK26d/de;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable


    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.