Middle East Finance Bloomberg/ Getty Images

中东缺乏信任的根源

达勒姆——弥漫在整个中东社会的信任的缺乏很难不被注意到。对照实验证实,阿拉伯人对国内外陌生人的信任比欧洲人要少得多。这阻碍了很多方面的社会进步,从商业开发到政府改革。

低信任度社会很少参与国际贸易,也很少吸引投资。而且事实上,按照世界价值观调查相关研究成果,中东地区个人欠缺信任导致商业交易仅在认识的人或通过熟人介绍的人之间进行。因为缺乏信任,阿拉伯人常常会错过通过交换得到的有利可图的潜在机会。

同样,在与公共机构打交道时,阿拉伯人倾向于寻找与他们有某种个人联系的人做中介。结果导致了上述机构对民众服务不平等,机构效率也因此遭到了破坏。

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