Rolling Stones Cuba Mastrafoto/CON | Getty Images

Дайте мне убежище от диктатуры

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – После исторического визита американского президента Барака Обамы на Кубу бесплатный концерт Rolling Stones в Гаване мог показаться куда менее значимым событием. Обама возродил отношения с Кубой после более полувека глубокой враждебности. Семидесятилетние «Роллинги» всего лишь играли очень громкую музыку.

И всё же, с точки зрения символизма, этот концерт был далеко не второстепенным. Чтобы уловить всю важность выступления «Роллингов» перед сотнями тысяч кубинских поклонников, надо понять, что значит рок-н-ролл для людей, живущих при коммунистических, диктаторских режимах.

К примеру, Чехословакия, как и другие коммунистические страны, в 1970-х была тоскливым, гнетущим, безрадостным местом, где задавали тон посредственные партийные карьеристы, а креативность задыхалась под покровом вынужденного конформизма. Рок-н-ролл считался пагубным проявлением капиталистического упадка. Участники местной рок-группы Plastic People of the Universe, исполнявшие песни на английском, были арестованы в конце 1970-х за «организованное нарушение спокойствия». Записи Rolling Stones и других западных групп были запрещены.

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