Бум до боли?

НЬЮ-ХЕЙВЕН – За последние месяцы среди мировых финансовых экспертов и средств массовой информации усилилось беспокойство относительно того, что перегретые рынки активов – недвижимости, акций и долгосрочных облигаций – могут привести к крупной коррекции и очередному экономическому кризису. Широкая публика, кажется, не особо интересуется этой проблемой: Google Trends показывает некоторый рост популярности запроса «пузырь фондового рынка», однако он далек от своего пика в 2007 году; запрос «жилищный пузырь» также остается относительно редким.

Однако озабоченность экспертов примечательна и вполне здравая, поскольку вера в то, что рынки всегда эффективны, может существовать только тогда, когда некоторые люди не до конца в этом уверены и думают, что они могут получить прибыль, угадав время на рынке. В то же время, эта повышенная обеспокоенность также несет в себе опасности, поскольку мы не знаем, приведет ли это к чрезмерной реакции общественности внизу.

Международные агентства недавно выпустили предупреждения о спекулятивных эксцессах на рынках активов, предполагая, что мы можем быть озабочены возможным кризисом. Заместитель управляющего директора Международного валютного фонда Мин Чжу утверждал во время своей июньской речи, что рынки жилья в ряде стран, включая Европу, Азию и Америку, «имеют признаки перегрева». В том же месяце Банк международных расчетов заявил в своем Ежегодном отчете, что подобные «знаки вызывают беспокойство».

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