Wall Street New York City Sergi Reboredo/ZumaPress

Станут ли американцы беднее?

КЕМБРИДЖ – Роберт Гордон из Северо-Западного университета открыл оживленную и важную дискуссию о будущих темпах экономического роста в Соединенных Штатах. Хотя его книга «Взлет и падение американского экономического роста» будет опубликована не раньше января 2016 года, о её тезисах уже написали журналы Economist и Foreign Affairs. Без сомнения, мрачная оценка Гордоном перспектив роста американской экономики заслуживает серьезного внимания. Но верна ли она?

Гордон доказывает, что те крупные технологические перемены, которые вызвали рост стандартов жизни в нашем прошлом, намного важнее, чем какие-либо перемены, которые могут произойти в будущем. Он указывает на такие примеры, как домашнее водоснабжение, автомобили, электричество, телефоны, центральное отопление, и утверждает, что все они были намного важнее для качества жизни, чем недавние инновации, такие как интернет и мобильные телефоны.

Я согласен с Гордоном, что я скорее откажусь от мобильного телефона и даже от интернета, чем останусь дома без воды и электричества. Но это лишь означает, что нам очень повезло, что мы живем сейчас, а не сто лет назад (и еще больше повезло, что мы живем сейчас, а не двести лет назад или в средние века). Тот факт, что столь важные инновации случились в прошлом, не является поводом для пессимизма по поводу будущего.

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