Model house on calculator

¿Cuánta deuda es demasiada?

LONDRES – ¿Existe un ratio "seguro" de deuda/ingreso para los hogares o de deuda/PIB para los gobiernos? En ambos casos, la respuesta es sí. Y, en ambos casos, es imposible decir exactamente cuál es ese ratio. Sin embargo, ésta se ha convertido en la cuestión macroeconómica más urgente del momento, debido no sólo a una espiral de deuda de los hogares y del gobierno desde el año 2000, sino también -y más importante- a la preocupación excesiva que está generando ahora la deuda del gobierno.

Según un informe de 2015 realizado por el McKinsey Global Institute, la deuda de los hogares en muchos países avanzados se duplicó, a más del 200% de los ingresos, entre 2000 y 2007. Desde entonces, los hogares en los países más afectados por la crisis económica de 2008-2009 se han desendeudado de alguna manera, pero el ratio de deuda de los hogares en la mayoría de los países avanzados siguió creciendo. 

El aumento significativo de la deuda gubernamental se produjo tras el colapso de 2008-2009. Por ejemplo, la deuda del gobierno británico creció de apenas por encima del 40% del PIB en 2007 al 92% hoy. Los esfuerzos persistentes por parte de los gobiernos altamente endeudados por eliminar sus déficits han hecho que los ratios de deuda aumentaran, reduciendo el PIB, como en Grecia, o retardando la recuperación, como en el Reino Unido.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/Zcxcb9K/es;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable


    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.