Chris Van Es

Des droits pour les robots ?

PRINCETON et VARSOVIE – Le mois dernier, la société Gecko Systems a annoncé qu'elle avait testé le "Carebot", son "robot-assistant de vie totalement autonome", conçu pour aider les personnes âgées ou handicapées à vivre en toute indépendance. L'entreprise décrit comment une grand-mère sujette à des pertes de la mémoire immédiate fit un grand sourire au robot quand ce dernier lui a demandé "Voulez-vous manger une glace ?". Elle lui a répondu Oui et le robot a sans doute fait le reste.

Les robots remplissent déjà de nombreuses fonctions, allant de la fabrication des voitures au désamorçage des bombes – ou de manière plus inquiétante, au lancement de missiles. Les enfants et les adultes jouent avec des robots, tandis que l'on peut voir des aspirateurs-robots à l'œuvre dans un plus en plus grand nombre de foyers. Comme le montrent des vidéos sur YouTube, il existe même des robots ressemblant à des chats. Et n'oublions pas la Coupe mondiale des robots - mais à en juger par ce qui s'est passé l'été dernier à Gratz en Autriche, les footballeurs n'ont pas encore de quoi s'inquiéter (en ce qui concerne les échecs, c'est une autre histoire). 

La plupart des robots domestiques ont une apparence fonctionnelle – celui de Gecko System ressemble à R2-D2, le robot de La guerre des étoiles . Honda et Sony travaillent sur des robots qui ressemblent davantage à C-3PO, l'androïde que l'on voit dans le même film. Mais il existe déjà des robots dotés d'une "peau" et d'un visage expressif d'apparence humaine, capables d'accomplir toute une gamme de mouvements. Hanson Robotics dispose d'un modèle de démonstration appelé Albert dont le visage offre une ressemblance frappante avec celui d'Albert Einstein.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/QkOUHzh/fr;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable


    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.