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气候行动的合适时机

巴黎——在气候变化成为全球关注的30年来的多数时间里,政府乐观地认为因为化石燃料价格上涨将逼迫消费者改用低碳能源,绿色转型会随着时间推移自然而然地发生。他们认为障碍主要存在于生产领域,因为油田投资所取得的丰厚回报会激起更为雄心勃勃的勘探过程。

今天,局势已经发生了逆转。因为油价在每桶40美元附近波动,政府已经不需要告诉化石燃料企业停止投资。问题已经转移到方程的消费一侧。因为燃料价格如此低廉,需要采取哪些措施来改变消费模式

可以肯定,有迹象显示廉价能源可以带动增长促使油价回升。但没有任何人预测这种回升强劲到能够促成根本性的转变,从而使各国实现其减排目标。

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