L’enjeu des ressources naturelles du Kenya

OXFORD – Le Kenya exporte de l’énergie depuis longtemps – sous la forme de coureurs de fond parmi les plus rapides du monde. Mais le Kenya exportera bientôt une autre forme d’énergie, beaucoup plus rentable, alors que le pays commence à exploiter une série de découvertes récentes de gisements pétroliers dans sa portion de  725 km de long de la vallée du grand rift, une faille dans la croûte terrestre qui s’étend du Liban au Mozambique.

Les pays d’Afrique ont une longue expérience des inconvénients de grandes dotations en ressources. Le Kenya doit tirer les enseignements de ces cas, afin d’éviter que cette nouvelle manne pétrolière ne fasse trébucher l’Afrique orientale dans sa fuite en avant vers l’union monétaire.

Les gisements sont certainement immenses. Dans les deux dernières années, des réserves de plus de 1,7 milliard de barils de pétrole ont été découvertes dans le bassin de Lokichar. Les estimations varient beaucoup, mais le potentiel va jusqu’à 20 milliards de barils – un volume qui ferait du Kenya l’un des pays d’Afrique les plus riches en ressources, juste derrière le Nigeria, qui dispose de 37 milliards de barils de réserves confirmées. Un pays voisin, l’Ouganda a découvert 3,5 milliards de barils et en Tanzanie de vastes réserves de gaz naturel ont aussi été découvertes.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in

  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now