Награда за надежду

ПАРИЖ. Присудив свою премию мира 2009 г. Бараку Обаме, Нобелевский комитет пошёл на большой риск. Даже если у Обамы и есть задатки пацифиста, президент Соединённых Штатов всё же возглавляет мощнейшие в мире вооружённые силы, с помощью которых до сих пор ведутся войны в Афганистане и в Ираке. Так что с первого взгляда подобный выбор не кажется очевидным.

Некоторые наблюдатели из разных регионов мира подвергли критике Нобелевский комитет, посвятивший Обаму в лауреаты премии мира этого года, за поощрение лишь одной его возвышенной риторики. Я считаю, что подобная критика является ошибочной и неуместной, а потому – опасной. Ведь смысл данной критики в том, что надежда – это всего лишь эфемерные слова.

Однако в политике слова могут быть действиями. Речь Обамы в Каире в начале этого года способствовала, по меньшей мере, изменению климата в отношениях между мусульманским миром и Америкой. Слова, сказанные Обамой Ирану, быть может, ещё и не принесли плодов, однако переговоры с Ираном возобновились, и Международное агентство по атомной энергии направит своих инспекторов на атомные станции вблизи г. Ком, являвшиеся секретными вплоть до прошлого месяца.

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