Возрождение европейских университетов

КОПЕНГАГЕН - Как-то раз я работал дома над очередной статьей, - в это время по телевизору транслировали Уимблдонский теннисный турнир -, и мне пришла в голову мысль о том, что так же как Великобритания, которая проводит у себя дома самый престижный теннисный турнир, но никогда не выигрывает его, так и мы, европейцы, находимся в аналогичной ситуации с образованием.

Первым университетом в мире была академия Платона в Афинах. Освященные веками старые университеты разбросаны по всей Европе от Коймбры до Кембриджа и Копенгагена, а родоначальником современного университета, который сочетает в себе исследования и образование, был Вильгельм фон Гумбольд в Берлине. Тем не менее, в настоящее время университеты в Соединенных Штатах Америки значительно превосходят европейские университеты по многим показателям.

В Европейском Союзе на исследования расходуется менее 2% ВВП по сравнению c 2,5% в США и 3% в Японии. Расходы на одного студента вуза немного превышают 9000 долларов во Франции, несколько ниже 11000 долларов в Германии и составляют почти 12000 долларов в Великобритании. В некоторых странах Евросоюза, например, в Дании, дела обстоят лучше, но и эта страна по-прежнему отстает от США, в которой это показатель составляет свыше 25000 долларов.

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