Jak oživit evropské univerzity

KODAŇ – Před časem mi doma při psaní běžel v televizi Wimbledon a napadlo mě, že tak jako Británie sice pořádá vrcholný světový turnaj v tenise, leč nikdy v něm nevítězí, my Evropané jsme v podobné situaci se školstvím.

První univerzitou na světě byla Platónova Akademie v Aténách, po Evropě jsou od Coimbry přes Cambridge po Kodaň roztroušeny staré, ctihodné univerzity a průkopníkem moderní univerzity spojující výzkum a výuku byl Wilhelm von Humboldt v Berlíně. Přesto dnes univerzity ve Spojených státech snadno své evropské protějšky překonávají.

Výzkumu jsou věnována méně než 2% HDP Evropské unie, oproti 2,5% v USA a 3% v Japonsku. Výdaje na jednoho studenta v terciárním vzdělávání jsou ve Francii o málo víc než 9 000 dolarů, v Německu necelých 11 000 dollarů a ve Velké Británii téměř 12 000 dolarů. Některé země EU, například Dánsko, jsou na tom lépe, ale přesto stále pokulhávají za USA, které vynaloží přes 25 000 dolarů.

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