Armend Nimani/AFP/Getty Images

Mehr Sicherheit für Alle in Europa - Für einen Neustart der Rüstungskontrolle

BERLIN – Europas Sicherheit ist bedroht. So wenig wir uns das noch vor wenigen Jahren vorstellen mochten, so sehr steht die Sorge um Europas Sicherheit heute ganz oben auf unserer politischen Agenda.

Bereits vor dem Ukraine-Konflikt ließ sich eine lange für überwunden gehaltene Blockkonfrontation neu erspüren. Nicht mehr als Antagonismus zwischen Kommunismus und Kapitalismus, sondern als Auseinandersetzung  über die richtige gesellschaftliche Ordnung – über Freiheit, Demokratie, Rechtsstaatlichkeit und Menschenrechte – und als Ringen um geopolitische Einflusssphären.

Mit der völkerrechtswidrigen Annexion der Krim hat Russland die Grundprinzipien der europäischen Friedensarchitektur in Frage gestellt. Die Konfliktstrukturen haben sich dramatisch verändert: Hybride Formen der Konfrontation und nichtstaatliche Akteure gewinnen an Bedeutung. Neue Technologien bergen auch neue Gefahren: offensive Cyberfähigkeiten, bewaffnete Drohnen, Robotik, elektronische Kampfmittel, Laser- und Abstandswaffen. Neue Einsatzszenarien – kleinere Einheiten, höhere Schlagkraft, schnellere Verlegbarkeit – werden von den geltenden Transparenz- und Kontrollregimen nicht erfasst. Es droht eine neuartige, gefährliche Rüstungsspirale.

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