Возвращение франко-германского двигателя Европы

Берлин – Успех начинающегося в следующем месяце председательства Франции в ЕС во многом зависит от возобновления франко-германского сотрудничества. В ту, казалось бы, давно прошедшую эпоху, когда общие инициативы в Европе были правилом, франко-германские предложения обычно являлись приемлемым компромиссом для всей Европы. Маастрихтский договор 1992 года был, наверное, последним шедевром франко-германского творчества.

После этого две страны стали все больше отдаляться друг от друга. Франция не принимала активного участия в процессе расширения, в то время как введение евро привело к серьезной напряженности во франко-германских отношениях с 1993 по 1999 годы. Решение Франции отказаться от воинской повинности в 1996 году, одновременно настаивая на продолжении ядерных испытаний, не способствовало улучшению отношений. Последние годы президентства Жака Ширака были периодом застоя, завершившегося отвержением Францией проекта конституционного договора ЕС в мае 2005 года.

Конечно, франко-германский двигатель не сможет функционировать как раньше. Заносчивое поведение двух стран (например, критика в адрес налоговых режимов в странах Восточной Европы в то время как они сами не могут выполнить требования Пакта стабильности и роста ЕС) шокировало другие страны ЕС, особенно его новых членов, равно как и их высокомерное утверждение, что только они понимают "политическую Европу", а потому могут заключать соглашения, как, например, в области сельского хозяйства в октябре 2002 года, на двусторонней основе.

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