Paul Lachine

反思增长的必要性

美国剑桥—现代宏观经济学通常将快速稳定的经济增长视为最重要的政策。这一现象反复出现于政治辩论、央行会议室和报纸头版标题中。但把增长作为永远的首要社会目标(这正是经济学教科书所暗含的假定)真的合理吗?

诚然,许多对标准经济数字的批评指出,应该采取更广的衡量标准定义国民福利,比如出生寿命与其和读写能力等。提出这一观点的有《美国人权发展报告》中,以及最近的由法国出资、以约瑟夫·斯蒂格利茨(Joseph Stiglitz)、阿玛蒂亚·森(Amartya Sen)和让-保罗·菲特西(Jean-Paul Fitoussi)等经济学家为首的“经济表现和社会进步衡量标准委员会”。

但除了统计口径过于偏隘之外,还有另一大问题:现代增长理论无视了人从本质上是社会动物。人类评估自身福利的基础是他所能看到的周边情形,而不仅仅是绝对标准。

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