Jak nově přemýšlet o hladu

ŘÍM – Svět má problém s výživou. Ačkoliv se učinily zásadní kroky ke splnění Rozvojového cíle tisíciletí snížit podíl podvyživených lidí v rozvojových zemích na polovinu, tento problém nadále přetrvává a je všudypřítomný a složitý. Koneckonců nejde jen o zajištění většího objemu potravin; efektivní úsilí o omezení podvýživy musí dbát i na to, aby lidé měli přístup ke správným druhům potravin – k potravinám, které jim poskytnou živiny potřebné ke zdravému a plodnému životu.

Od roku 1945 se produkce potravin ztrojnásobila a jejich dostupnost vzrostla v průměru o 40% na osobu. Pouze v posledním desetiletí se množství zeleniny vypěstované v asijsko-pacifickém regionu, kde se pěstují více než tři čtvrtiny světové produkce, zvýšilo o čtvrtinu.

Navzdory těmto pokrokům při rozšiřování nabídky potravin stále denně trpí hladem nejméně 805 milionů lidí, z nichž přibližně 791 milionů žije v rozvojových zemích. Mnoho dalších lidí trpí hladem sezonně nebo občas. A více než dvě miliardy lidí trpí „skrytým hladem“ – nedostatkem jednoho či více stopových prvků.

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