反贫困2.0

罗马——2010年实现了处于贫困线以下的民众比1990年减半的千年发展目标,较之2015年的原定时间表提前了不少,这项成就得到了全球领导人的高度评价。但在长期贫困、不平等加剧和众多发展中国家增长缓慢的大背景下,过去扶贫政策和项目的成功似乎并不稳固。

其实除东亚地区外扶贫的进展一直不大,尽管某些经济体增长迅速、发展中大国持续扩张且国际社会公开承诺支持实现千年发展目标2000 千年宣言,但某些国家和地区的局势仍在持续恶化。

这样复杂的状况对以《华盛顿共识》为代表的传统扶贫政策效率提出了质疑,20世纪80年代《共识》改变了扶贫事业的走向。包括宏观经济稳定(被界定为个位数低通胀)和市场自由化在内的《华盛顿共识》被人们寄以加速经济增长、摆脱贫困的厚望。

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