Как спасти леса Амазонии

Многие ценнейшие природные ресурсы находятся в развивающихся странах. Но это благословение может быть проклятием – и не только для богатых нефтью стран с их экономическими и политическими проблемами.

На территории стран бассейна Амазонки в Латинской Америке, например, находится то, что можно справедливо назвать мировой сокровищницей биологического многообразия. Однако когда дело доходит до охраны мировой сокровищницы, все бремя перекладывается на плечи нескольких стран.

Но при всем желании эти страны не в состоянии самостоятельно обеспечить охрану природы бассейна Амазонки, поскольку заинтересованность частных лиц в вырубке лесов – как на законных основаниях, так и незаконно – по-прежнему очень высока. Перспектива быстрой наживы в результате захвата принадлежащих государству лесных земель побуждает частных лиц заниматься вырубкой леса на как можно большей площади в максимально быстрые сроки, не задумываясь над экологическими или социальными последствиями такого поведения.

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