Jak zachránit Annapolis

TOLEDO, ŠPANĚLSKO – Izraelsko-palestinské mírové rozhovory, jež započaly před třemi měsíci v Annapolisu, netrpí nedostatkem nápadů jak řešit stěžejní otázky konfliktu. Po letech zmařených snah o dosažení dohody a s desítkami oficiálních i tajených mírových plánů, jež mají vyjednavači po ruce, zůstává při formování dohody jen málo místa pro tvořivost.

Hlubší problém však spočívá jinde, totiž v bídě vedení a v roztříštěnosti palestinské politiky. Ba jediný, kdo mohl uzavřít mírovou dohodu založenou na řešení dvou států, jež by byla v očích Palestinců legitimní, totiž Jásir Arafat, si tuto legitimitu vzal s sebou do hrobu.

Prezident Mahmúd Abbás nikdy pro Palestince nebyl inspirativní osobností. Se ztrátou Gazy ve prospěch Hamásu se jeho politický vliv ještě dále zmenšil. Abbás vlastně neovládá ani milice své vlastní strany Fatah, které jsou v provádění teroristických útoků proti Izraeli ještě přičinlivější než Hamás. Vláda palestinské samosprávy nad Západním břehem by se už dávno zhroutila, kdyby v oblastech pod Abbásovou kontrolou nebylo každodenních vpádů Izraelců proti Hamásu i Fatahu.

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