Oberhausen germany Lukas Schulze/Stringer

Консервативный план борьбы с глобальным потеплением

КЕМБРИДЖ (США) – Группа бывших республиканских высокопоставленных чиновников, к которой я присоединился, недавно предложила план по ограничению выбросов углекислого газа. В эту группу входят Джеймс Бейкер, Генри Полсон и Джордж Шульц (все они занимали пост министра финансов в республиканских администрациях), а также мой коллега по Гарварду Грегори Мэнкью, возглавлявший Совет экономических консультантов при президенте Джордже Буше-младшем. Я занимал аналогичный пост при президенте Рональде Рейгане.

Я перечисляю всех этих участников, чтобы подчеркнуть высокий уровень консервативной поддержки данного предложения. Оно появляется в тот момент, когда республиканцы, как правило, выступают против попыток правительства ограничить выбросы CO2, в то время как демократы поддерживают такие планы. Мы надеемся, что поддержка республиканцами нашего плана станет основой для законодательных актов, которые одобрят обе партии.

План призывает к введению налога на любые источники CO2 и последующей выплате всех собранных от налога доходов домохозяйствам страны в пересчёте на каждого человека. По мнению экспертов, налог в размере $40 за тонну позволит добиться намного более серьёзного сокращения выбросов CO2, чем любое действующее регулирование в сфере выбросов парниковых газов. Тем самым, наш план призывает к принятию законодательных актов, которые ликвидируют всё это назойливое регулирование и одновременно утвердят систему «налог-дивиденды».

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