Oberhausen germany Lukas Schulze/Stringer

一个遏制全球变暖的保守计划

坎布里奇—最近,我和其他几位前共和党高官一起提出了一份限制二氧化碳排放的计划。我们中间包括吉姆·贝克尔(Jim Baker)、亨利·保尔森(Henry Paulson)和乔治·舒尔茨(George Shultz)——他们都曾担任过财政部长——还有我的哈佛同事、小布什总统经济顾问委员会主席格雷格·曼昆(Greg Mankiw)。我也曾在里根总统手下担任过总统经济顾问委员会主席。

我之所以要提及这些参与者,是为了强调这一方案受到了高规格的保守派支持,而与此同时,共和党总体而言反对限制二氧化碳排放的政府措施,民主党则支持这些措施。我们希望共和党对我们的计划的支持能够为跨党派立法创造基础。

我们的计划提出所有二氧化碳源头都要缴税,所得税收收入拿出一定比例按人均返还给家庭。专家告诉我,每吨二氧化碳征税40美元所收到的二氧化碳减排效果将胜过所有现有排放监管。因此,我们的计划要求立法在采取税收与红利(tax-and-dividend)计划的同时取消所有干涉性监管。

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