birth control Africa Jonathan Torgovnik/Getty Images

Percakapan mengenai Pendidikan Seks di Ghana

LABADI, GHANA – Pendidikan mengenai seksualitas dan kesehatan reproduksi merupakan sebuah isu politik yang serius di banyak negara-negara barat. Kemenangan atau kekalahan dalam pemilihan umum dipengaruhi oleh topik seperti aborsi dan nilai-nilai “kekeluargaan”. Namun di Ghana, dan di banyak negara berkembang lainnya, keluarga berencana merupakan permasalahan hidup dan mati, khususnya bagi remaja perempuan dan perempuan muda.

Enam tahun yang lalu, ketika Saya masih remaja dan tinggal di daerah kumuh di Selatan Ghana, adalah sebuah hal yang normal untuk mendengar cerita mengenai remaja yang melakukan aborsi; atau remaja berusia 14 tahun melahirkan; dan laki-laki berusia 18 tahun yang memukuli pacar mereka yang masih dalam usia pra-remaja karena menolak mencuci pakaian laki-laki tersebut. Pihak yang memiliki otoritas – misalnya saja orang tua atau guru – tidak ada yang memiliki kekhawatiran karena korban adalah perempuan yang belum menikah, dan seringkali masih dibawah umur. 

Ini adalah sebuah keadaan “normal” bagi Saya. Banyak teman sekolah Saya yang berhenti sekolah karena mereka hamil. Sedangkan teman sekolah Saya yang lain meninggal karena mereka melakukan aborsi di tempat yang tidak memiliki izin beroperasi.

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