Macroeconomics Simon Hayter/Getty Images

Революция “Макронэкономики”?

ЛОНДОН – В следующем месяце исполнится десять лет мировому финансовому кризису, который начался 9 августа 2007 года, когда Banque National de Paris объявил, что стоимость нескольких его фондов, содержащих, то что считалось самым надежным, ипотечные облигации США, испарилась. С того рокового дня, передовой капиталистический мир пережил свой самый долгий период экономической стагнации с начала десятилетия, которое началось с краха Уолл-стрит 1929 года и закончилось десять лет спустя с началом Второй мировой войны.

Пару недель назад на конференции Rencontres Économiques (Экономические Встречи) в Экс-ан-Провансе меня спросили, если можно ли что-либо сделать, чтобы предотвратить “потерянное десятилетие” экономического отставания после кризиса. На сессии, озаглавленной “Исчерпали ли мы экономические политики?”, мои коллеги показали, что это не так. Они привели множество примеров политик, которые могли бы улучшить рост производства, трудовую занятость, финансовую стабильность и распределение доходов.

Это позволило мне остановиться на вопросе, который мне представился мне наиболее интересным: Учитывая множество полезных идей, почему так мало политик, которые могли бы улучшить экономические условия и смягчить негодование со стороны общественности, было реализовано с начала кризиса?

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