Lightbulb on grassy field

هندسة معجزة طاقية

فيلنيوس - إذا عدنا إلى الوراء نرى أن سياسة الطاقة والمناخ في العقد الأخير تثير مشاعر مختلطة لدينا. فقد كان التقدم نحو اقتصاد أكثر استدامة بطيئا بشكل مثير للاٍنتباه. لكن حصلت بعض التطورات الواعدة مؤخرا.

لفترة طويلة، كان من الصعب رؤية الضوء في نهاية النفق. وأدت الأزمة الاقتصادية العالمية وقطاع الوقود الأحفوري ذو النفوذ السياسي إلى إنكار عقود من البحث العلمي، وإعاقة التقدم التكنولوجي ومنع الانفراج الدبلوماسي. كما استمر ارتفاع الطلب على الوقود الأحفوري، وازداد التنافس على موارد الطاقة.

حتى بعد أن بدأ الاقتصاد العالمي يتعافى، وجهت الحكومات مواردها نحو مخططات مشبوهة وغير منسقة لدعم إنتاج واستهلاك الطاقة، بدلا من الاستثمارات الفعالة التي تهدف إلى قيادة التحول نحو نظم طاقية أكثر استدامة. ففي أوروبا، نفذت البلدان فرادى قواعد متباينة بإمكانها أن تؤذي اقتصاداتها وتشوه المنافسة، بدلا من وضع مبادئ الدعم المشتركة. وكانت النتيجة عبئا ثقيلا على المستهلكين - وليس أي شيء آخر.

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