Hemlut Schmidt Wikimedia Commons

Мир глазами Гельмута Шмидта

БЕРЛИН – Германия потеряла одного из своих титанов: на этой неделе в уважительном возрасте 96 лет умер бывший канцлер Гельмут Шмидт. Шмидт был в министром обороны Германии с 1969 по 1972 год, министром финансов с 1972 по 1974 год, и федеральным канцлером с 1974 по 1982 год. Нынешний мир нам может показаться особенно бурным, однако в те годы, когда Шмидт возглавлял Германию, мир был далеко не идеален.

Шмидт жил во время восточной политики «Ostpolitik», разрядки международной напряженности, первого мирового нефтяного кризиса, экономической рецессии, стагфляции и возвращения Европы к массовой безработицы. Его поколение сталкивалось с бедствием отечественного терроризма и стало свидетелем революции в Иране, ввода советских войск в Афганистан и роста движения «Солидарность» в Польше.

Шмидта помнят за его практический прагматизм, но прежде всего как опытного кризис-менеджера. Он доказал свои способности суждения и лидерства на раннем этапе своей карьеры, когда, будучи городским сенатором в Гамбурге, он справился с великим наводнением 1962 года, которое опустошило город. Шмидт подкрепил свой имидж прагматика путем последовательного озвучивания его глубокого недоверия к великим замыслам и долгосрочным концепциям, но и не отвергал фундаментальное убеждение, что существует нравственная основа для его политических целей. Поэтому не стоит удивляться тому, что Карл Поппер, с его прагматичным, но моральным подходом, был его любимым философом.

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