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Принципы и наследие Гельмута Коля

ГАМБУРГ – Со смертью Гельмута Коля от нас ушла «крупнейшая фигура на европейском континенте за десятилетия», как называл Билл Клинтон бывшего канцлера Германии. Коль обладал множеством талантов успешного политика – амбициозность, беспощадность, настойчивость, тактическое мастерство, а также понимание настроений простых людей. В отличие от двух предшественников, Вилли Брандта и Гельмута Шмидта, у него не было харизмы (у Брандта она имелась в изобилии) или дара красноречия. Но зато у него было, в отличие от преемников, ясное представление о будущем своей страны. Именно это и позволило Колю достичь того, что ранее казалось невообразимым: воссоединение Германии внутри объединённой Европы.

Многие, особенно в Германии, вспоминая те невероятные месяцы в конце 1989 и начале 1990 годов, когда испарился советский контроль над Восточной Европой, до сих пор, кажется, удивляются тому, как этот, как будто бы провинциальный и до скучного нормальный, человек смог воспользоваться шансом объединить свою расколотую страну и ловко обыграл всех противников. Они, наверное, думают, что Колю повезло оказаться в нужном месте в нужное время.

Но удача в дипломатии редко оказывается делом случая; удачу необходимо заслужить. Летом 1989 года Коль был точно так же удивлён скоростью развития событий, как и все остальные. Однако он потратил всё время с момента вступления в должность канцлера в 1982 году на подготовку к этому вероятному зову истории.

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