Переделывание Ближнего Востока

Президент Буш, Премьер-министр Палестины Мазен и Премьер-министр Израиля Шэрон готовы встретиться. Серьезна ли Америка в своем намерении наладить мир в Палестине и Израиле? Как эта встреча вписывается в общую стратегию Соединенных Штатов на Ближнем Востоке? Ричард Хаасс, Директор Государственного Департамента США по Планированию Политики, предлагает свою карту дорог всего региона Ближнего Востока.

То, что было осуществлено в Ираке - и, что еще важнее, то, что иракцы теперь осуществят с американской помощью - определит будущее одной из основных стран Ближнего Востока. Открытый, ориентированный на рыночную экономику и мирный Ирак мог бы также способствовать реформам и экономическому росту во всем регионе. Но для далеко идущих изменений как в Ираке, так и на Ближнем Востоке, наверняка, потребуется время.

Цель, стоящая перед пост-Саддамовским Ираком, состоит из четырех компонентов: гуманитарного, связанного с безопасностью, экономического и политического. Гуманитарная цель оказалась менее обременительной, чем ожидалось благодаря предварительному планированию Соединенных Штатов и мирового сообщества и быстрому, сконцентрированному и разборчивому способу ведения войны силами коалиции.

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