Europe Refugee Crisis Demonstration in London The Weekly Bull/Flickr

欧洲的难民和改革

拉古娜海滩—在欧洲难民危机这场日益严重的人道悲剧背后有一个简单的事实,而除非欧盟政府和公民承认这个事实,否则欧盟就无法以合乎其价值观的方法解决疲惫绝望的难民人群的涌入问题。简单说,欧洲所面临的历史性挑战同样也是历史性机会。问题在于欧洲的政客们能否抓住这一时机。曾经有一些远比难民危机简单的问题,欧洲政客们对这些问题的控制力也要强得多,但他们并没有解决好这些问题。

挑战的规模是巨大的,难民流极难监控和引导,更不用说限制了。数以万计的人们为了逃脱战争和压迫,冒着生命危险来到欧洲寻求避难——只要难民来源国(如叙利亚)和中转国(如伊拉克和利比亚)的乱局持续,这一现象也将持续下去。

与此同时,欧洲的交通网络正在承压,收容所、边防站和注册中心亦然。共同避难政策——包括(比如)寻求避难者应在进入欧盟的地点注册等基本规则——无从实施或被规避。而欧盟引以为豪的申根地区无障碍跨境旅行的概念也遭到了威胁。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/dGZQeeT/zh;
  1. Chris J Ratcliffe/Getty Images

    The Brexit Surrender

    European Union leaders meeting in Brussels have given the go-ahead to talks with Britain on post-Brexit trade relations. But, as European Council President Donald Tusk has said, the most difficult challenge – forging a workable deal that secures broad political support on both sides – still lies ahead.

  2. The Great US Tax Debate

    ROBERT J. BARRO vs. JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS on the impact of the GOP tax  overhaul.


    • Congressional Republicans are finalizing a tax-reform package that will reshape the business environment by lowering the corporate-tax rate and overhauling deductions. 

    • But will the plan's far-reaching changes provide the boost to investment and growth that its backers promise?


    ROBERT J. BARRO | How US Corporate Tax Reform Will Boost Growth

    JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS | Robert Barro's Tax Reform Advocacy: A Response

  3. Murdoch's Last Stand?

    Rupert Murdoch’s sale of 21st Century Fox’s entertainment assets to Disney for $66 billion may mark the end of the media mogul’s career, which will long be remembered for its corrosive effect on democratic discourse on both sides of the Atlantic. 

    From enabling the rise of Donald Trump to hacking the telephone of a murdered British schoolgirl, Murdoch’s media empire has staked its success on stoking populist rage.

  4. Bank of England Leon Neal/Getty Images

    The Dangerous Delusion of Price Stability

    Since the hyperinflation of the 1970s, which central banks were right to combat by whatever means necessary, maintaining positive but low inflation has become a monetary-policy obsession. But, because the world economy has changed dramatically since then, central bankers have started to miss the monetary-policy forest for the trees.

  5. Harvard’s Jeffrey Frankel Measures the GOP’s Tax Plan

    Jeffrey Frankel, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a former member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers, outlines the five criteria he uses to judge the efficacy of tax reform efforts. And in his view, the US Republicans’ most recent offering fails miserably.

  6. A box containing viles of human embryonic Stem Cell cultures Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images

    The Holy Grail of Genetic Engineering

    CRISPR-Cas – a gene-editing technique that is far more precise and efficient than any that has come before it – is poised to change the world. But ensuring that those changes are positive – helping to fight tumors and mosquito-borne illnesses, for example – will require scientists to apply the utmost caution.

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now