Refugee boat in Mediterranean

¿Un mejor año para los migrantes?

DUBLÍN – La crisis migratoria del Mediterráneo nos ha brindado dos lecciones críticas. Primero, Europa y la comunidad internacional tienen sistemas sumamente inadecuados para proteger a los migrantes vulnerables. Segundo, a falta de esos sistemas, los líderes populistas apelarán al miedo para ganar respaldo político, minando a las sociedades liberales y tolerantes a las que les llevó 70 años de trabajo arduo llegar a ser lo que son.

Es por eso que resulta esencial que este año se tomen medidas enérgicas a nivel europeo y global. En septiembre, el secretario general de las Naciones Unidas, Ban Ki-moon, convocará a una cumbre extraordinaria destinada a crear un sistema global justo para proteger a los refugiados y a los migrantes vulnerables. Es de esperar que los países vayan preparados para comprometerse de manera tangible y duradera.

Ese tipo de compromisos simplemente no existieron en 2015. De hecho, la comunidad internacional podría haber mitigado la crisis del año pasado si hubiera ofrecido un respaldo aunque más no fuera modesto a los tres principales países de acogida -Turquía, Líbano y Jordania- que, en conjunto, albergan a unos cuatro millones de refugiados sirios. Con apenas unos 10.000 millones de euros (10.800 millones de dólares), esos países podrían haberles ofrecido mejor vivienda, comida y educación a los refugiados, reduciendo así el incentivo para huir a Europa. Esa incompetencia podría terminar costándole solamente a Alemania más de 21.000 millones de euros anuales en los próximos años.

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