Индия на перекрестке экономического роста

МАНИЛА – Поскольку замедление экономического роста крупнейших индустриальных стран в мире затягивается, экономика развивающихся стран Азии серьезно страдает. Основное бремя, скорее всего, ляжет на наиболее развитые страны региона, в частности на двух его гигантов, Индию и Китай. Внешний сектор обеих стран серьезно пострадал, в то время как внутренне потребление переживает период стагнации. Инвестиции в основной капитал в Индии выросли всего на 2,3% в первой половине 2012 года, по сравнению с 9% в аналогичный период прошлого года.

В отличие от Китая, который проявил явные признаки стабилизации с середины 2012 года, в Индии пока нет четких свидетельств восстановления экономики, поскольку задержка в осуществлении необходимых реформ, помимо прочих факторов, ослабила конкурентоспособность экономики. Тогда как последние действия правительства, как ожидается, запустят процесс восстановления экономики, дополнительная проблема заключается в том, что экономический рост должен стать устойчивым и всеобъемлющим, что требует решения четырех ключевых вопросов.

Во-первых, обновление сферы обслуживания. Индия уже имеет большой сектор услуг, являющийся одним из основных источников ее экономического роста. Учитывая молодое и растущее население страны, в сфере обслуживания должно создаваться больше рабочих мест для миллионов людей, пополняющих ряды рабочей силы каждый год.

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