Преобразование военно-промышленного комплекса России

При президенте Владимире Путине Россия начала всестороннюю программу реструктуризации своей оборонной промышленности, которая в значительной степени сократилась со времен советской эпохи. Этот процесс получил определенное развитие, но вместе с тем сохранились и фундаментальные структурные проблемы, которые вынуждают Россию экспортировать большое количество новейшего оружия в конфликтные регионы, создавая тем самым разногласия между Кремлем и Европой, США, а также другими странами.

В течение шести лет администрация Путина поощряла национализацию и консолидацию частных фирм оборонной промышленности в гигантские, вертикально интегрированные холдинги, контролируемые государством. В ноябре 2000 года Путин одобрил создание единственного подконтрольного правительству агентства по экспорту оружия, Рособоронэкспорт, чтобы положить конец самоубийственной конкуренции, которая разрасталась между основными предприятиями экспортерами оружия в стране. В начале этого года агентство получило исключительное право продавать российское оружие зарубежным странам.

В настоящее время правительство содействует созданию подобного учреждения и в авиационном секторе. Новая Объединённая авиастроительная корпорация (ОАК) включит в себя основных государственных и частных производителей воздушных судов с неподвижным крылом. Сторонники слияния компаний полагают, что это улучшит эффективность российской авиационной промышленности и снизит затраты, делая российские самолеты более привлекательными для иностранных покупателей.

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