pregnant woman Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket/Getty Images

Спасти матерей в Азии

БАНГКОК – На фоне всех разговоров о наступающем «Азиатском веке» можно было бы ожидать, что этот регион уже избавился от традиционных проблем в сфере здравоохранения, свойственных бедным странам, таких, например, как высокий уровень материнской смертности. Но реальность совершенно иная.

По оценкам, в 2015 году в странах Азии и Тихоокеанского региона 85000 женщин умерли от осложнений при беременности и родах. Это 28% от общемировой цифры. Вплоть до 90% этих смертей (их большая часть приходится всего лишь на 12 стран) можно было бы предотвратить с помощью качественного пренатального, акушерского и перинатального ухода.

Из-за отсутствия такого ухода средний коэффициент материнской смертности (КМС) в странах Азии и Тихоокеанского региона исключительно высок: 127 смертей на 100 тысяч новорожденных, в то время как в развитых странах КМС равен 12 на 100 тысяч. В списке 12 стран с самым высоким КМС, превышающим 100 смертей на 10 тысяч новорожденных, – Афганистан, Бангладеш, Камбоджа, Индия, Индонезия, Лаос, Мьянма, Непал, Пакистан, Папуа-Новая Гвинея, Филиппины и Восточный Тимор.

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