Red Sea and boat

Relier la mer Rouge

VILLE ÉCONOMIQUE DU ROI ABDALLAH – La mer Rouge joue un rôle décisif dans le commerce mondial depuis des millénaires. Du temps des pharaons, elle était au cœur du commerce mondial des épices. Aujourd’hui, elle est une artère mondiale essentielle, comblant la demande occidentale d’hydrocarbures et facilitant la circulation des marchandises entre l’Europe et les marchés d’Asie en plein essor. Plus de 10 % du commerce mondial transite par le bassin de la mer Rouge chaque année, un chiffre qui devrait augmenter du fait que l’Égypte est en train de doubler la capacité du canal de Suez.

Et pourtant, sauf quelques exceptions, la grande part de la richesse contemporaine générée par le commerce vogue rapidement au loin, laissant de miettes sur son passage. Rien ne justifie que ce devrait être encore le cas. Une initiative régionale pour faciliter le commerce et créer des infrastructures pourrait repositionner les pays limitrophes à la mer Rouge en tant que destination d’investissements mondiaux et d’échanges internationaux.

La région de la mer Rouge, comprenant 20 pays qui se servent de cet itinéraire comme premier corridor des échanges, est le plus grand marché connaissant la plus grande croissance et la plus sous-exploitée du monde. Au cours des 35 prochaines années, les Nations Unies prévoient que la population de la région fera plus que doubler, des 620 millions actuels à 1,3 milliard. Cette croissance de la population sera accompagnée d’un des taux d’urbanisation les plus élevés du monde, créant une classe moyenne grandissante, qui selon les estimations de la Brookings Institution passera de 136 millions aujourd’hui à 343 millions avant 2050.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.