Bottle of champagne Dominic Lipinski/Getty Images


纽约—1968年,偏激记者亨特·汤普森(Hunter S. Thompson)构想了“这个叫做《美国梦之死》(Death of the American Dream)的东西”。但这个叫做美国梦的东西是什么?它如何成为独特的美国的东西?


对一些经济学家来说,美国梦就是改善生活水平的希望,即进步之梦。经济学家拉伊·切蒂(Raj Chetty)一直在追踪人们较父辈所实现的改善。他发现,1940年几乎所有没过年轻人——确切地说有90%——家庭收入要高于父辈年轻时。如此高比例主要体现了美国生产率的高速增长,它提振了工资率。但从1890年到1940年间,生产率的高速增长在英国、德国和法国也很常见——1945—1975年的“30年光荣岁月”亦然。因此,如果说美国梦就是进步的话,那么欧洲人也可以拥有这个梦。

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