Восстановление из руин после Каддафи

ТРИПОЛИ. С созданием нового правительства лидеры Ливии наконец-то могут взять курс на переход от авторитарного государства, которое они унаследовали, к более плюралистическому, как было задумано. Но действительно ли у них хватит сил и желания в достижении данной задачи?

В Америке главной задачей обсуждения проблемы Ливии являются те шаги и меры, которые должно предпринять ливийское правительство в недалеком будущем. Сенатор Роберт Менендес утверждает, что «демократические реформы следует проводить как можно скорее». В то же время эксперты по международному развитию, такие как Манал Омар из Института за мир США, полагают, что ключ к успеху – это культивирование идеи сильного гражданского общества.

Эти идеи, однако, не учитывают самобытную и уникальную историю развития Ливии, приравнивая ее к еще одной стране третьего мира, в отношении которой следует руководствоваться типовыми принципами и сценариями реформирования, характерными для таких стран. На самом же деле оздоровление Ливии требует создания сильных государственных учреждений и организаций.

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