Восстановление экономики Палестины

Экономика Западного берега реки Иордан и сектора Газа, как и штаб-квартира Ясира Арафата лежат в руинах. Ее восстановление будет настолько же сложной и неотложной задачей, как и реконструкция палестинских политических учреждений, которая предположительно вот-вот должна начаться.

Благодаря, главным образом, своей мрачной истории, начавшейся в 1948 году, палестинцы, проживающие на Западном берегу реки Иордан и в секторе Газа, использовали стратегию развития, заключающуюся скорее в экспорте труда, чем товаров. В июне 2000 года, за три месяца до начала нынешней интифады, 21% всех имевших работу палестинцев работали в Израиле, в основном занимаясь низко-квалифицированным трудом в строительстве. Чистая прибыль, получаемая из-за границы, выросла до величины, превышающей 22% палестинского ВВП, что делает палестинскую экономику одной из самых зависимых в мире от денежных переводов.

Пропитанная кровью политика, возобладавшая с сентября 2000 года, выявила крайнюю уязвимость этой стратегии развития, и заставила в срочном порядке начать пересмотр экономического фундамента палестинских территорий. Сейчас рынок труда Израиля для палестинцев закрыт, и перспективы его повторного открытия мягко говоря очень малы.

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