Angela Merkel and Recep Tayyip Erdogan Schicke/Getty Images

Realismo para Europa y Turquía

BERLÍN – Las relaciones entre Europa y Turquía exhiben hace tiempo una profunda contradicción. La cooperación en materia de seguridad (especialmente durante la Guerra Fría) y los vínculos económicos han sido fuertes, pero las bases esenciales de la democracia (derechos humanos, libertad de prensa, respeto de las minorías y un sistema judicial independiente para velar por el cumplimiento de las leyes) siguen siendo débiles en Turquía. También la historia ha sido fuente de división, como atestigua la disputa sobre el reconocimiento del genocidio armenio durante la Primera Guerra Mundial.

Tras la llegada al poder del partido Justicia y Desarrollo (conocido por las siglas en turco AKP) en 2002 con Abdullah Gül, y después con Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, estos conflictos parecían superados. Durante los primeros años en el gobierno, el AKP buscó la entrada de Turquía a la Unión Europea y la modernización de su economía, para lo que implementó reformas reales (particularmente en áreas como la justicia, esencial para avanzar hacia el ingreso a la UE).

Pero Erdoğan siempre mantuvo abierta una opción “neo‑otomana”, que orientaría a Turquía hacia Medio Oriente y el mundo musulmán. Quedó patente en 2007, cuando la canciller alemana Angela Merkel y el entonces presidente francés Nicolas Sarkozy cerraron de facto la puerta de la UE para Turquía, y lo hicieron de una manera que humilló a Erdoğan.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/ZAMyJGk/es;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.