Unaffordable housing Boston Globe/Getty Images

Proč začínají být města finančně nedostupná?

NEW HAVEN – Nerovnost se obvykle měří porovnáním příjmů domácností uvnitř dané země. Existuje však i jiný typ nerovnosti: rozdíl v dostupnosti bydlení v různých městech. Dopad této formy nerovnosti není o nic méně znepokojivý.

V mnoha světových městských centrech začíná být bydlení pro lidi s průměrnými příjmy prohibitivně drahé. S růstem cen nemovitostí ve městech mohou být někteří obyvatelé nuceni odejít. Samozřejmě platí, že pokud někdo již dříve vlastnil v této lokalitě dům, který může prodat, možná pokládá růst cen za štěstí, jež lze odchodem z tohoto domu zpeněžit. V opačném případě však může být nucen odejít bez kompenzace.

Důsledky nejsou jen ekonomické. Lidé mohou být vytlačováni z měst, v nichž strávili celý život. Odchod se rovná ztrátě celoživotních vazeb, a proto může být traumatický. A pokud rostoucí ceny nemovitostí vytlačí příliš mnoho celoživotních obyvatel, pak i město samotné trpí ztrátou totožnosti, a dokonce i kultury.

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