«Перезагрузка» ДДТ

ПАЛО-АЛЬТО (шт. Калифорния). Соучредитель компании Microsoft Билл Гейтс очень интересный человек. Это же можно сказать и о ежегодном документе на 19 страницах, в котором описывается работа Фонда Билла и Мелинды Гейтс, самой большой благотворительной организации в мире. Но для такого умного человека, как Гейтс, который к тому же может позволить себе нанять экспертов в любой области, некоторые стратегии его фонда озадачивают.

Рассмотрим подход его фонда к малярии, с которой он боролся с помощью москитных сеток и не очень эффективного вмешательства с использованием устаревших технологий, в то время как использование высоких технологий в виде разработки вакцины в течение многих десятилетий осуществлялось без особого успеха. Этот подход отрицает старый, дешевый и безопасный способ контроля за переносчиком инфекции – малярийным комаром ‑ который распространяет болезнь: химическое вещество дихлордифенилтрихлорэтан (ДДT, или просто дуст).

Малярия – это бич, особенно для жителей бедных тропических стран. Сорок один процент мирового населения живет в областях, где распространена малярия, 350-500 миллионов случаев заболевания каждый год.

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