Raguram Rajan Bloomberg/Getty Images

Политика в стиле Трампа пришла в Индию

ФИЛАДЕЛЬФИЯ (США) – Решение авторитетного экономиста Рагхурама Раджана не претендовать на второй срок на посту управляющего Резервным банком Индии (сокращённо РБИ, это центральный банк страны), вероятно, взбудоражит финансовые рынки Индии, так как они считали Раджана критически важной фигурой в экономике страны. Инвесторы начнут теперь анализировать последствия его ухода с точки зрения способности монетарных властей гарантировать ценовую стабильность, стимулировать экономический рост, восстанавливать банковскую систему, которая столкнулась с проблемой просроченных кредитов.

Ещё в период председательства Алана Гринспена в совете управляющих Федерального резерва США средства массовой информации и рынки выработали привычку уделять повышенное внимание и персонализировать институты, подобные центральным банкам. Однако «эффект Гринспена» может помешать беспристрастному анализу.

Между РБИ и правительством премьер-министра Нарендры Моди имелись реальные политические разногласия, причём напряжение нарастало, когда чиновники объявляли публичные заявления Раджана выходящими за рамки его компетенции. Однако проводившиеся последние несколько месяцев атаки на Раджана, которые сопровождались переходом на личности (ad hominem), вызывают серьёзные вопросы, которые будут иметь значительные последствия для Индии.

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