Raguram Rajan Bloomberg/Getty Images

Politika v Trumpově stylu přichází i do Indie

FILADELFIE – Rozhodnutí všeobecně uznávaného ekonoma Raghúráma Radžana, že se nebude ucházet o druhé funkční období v roli guvernéra Indické rezervní banky (RBI), pravděpodobně rozvíří indické finanční trhy, které ho považovaly za klíčový pilíř tamní ekonomiky. Investoři teď budou pitvat dopady jeho odchodu na schopnost měnových institucí zajistit cenovou stabilitu a podnítit růst, případně přebudovat bankovní soustavu, kterou sužují nesplácené půjčky.

Už od doby, kdy v čele amerického Federálního rezervního systému stanul Alan Greenspan, mají trhy i sdělovací prostředky sklon popularizovat a personalizovat instituce typu centrálních bank. Tento „Greenspanův efekt“ však může bránit věcné analýze.

Mezi RBI a vládou premiéra Nárendry Módího existovaly značné rozdíly v pojetí ekonomické politiky a napětí vybublávalo na povrch ve chvílích, kdy měli oficiální činitelé pocit, že Radžan svými veřejnými poznámkami překračuje mandát. Osobní útoky na Radžana v posledních měsících ovšem vyvolávají závažné otázky, které mají pro Indii vážné důsledky.

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