Radikální cíle pro trvale udržitelný rozvoj

BERLÍN – Představme si na okamžik, že bychom mohli změnit svět podle našich přání. Dramatická hospodářská nerovnost ustupuje sociálnímu a politickému začleňování. Všeobecná lidská práva se stávají realitou. Končíme s odlesňováním a ničením orné půdy. Stavy ryb se obnovují. Dvě miliardy lidí se těší na život bez chudoby, hladu a násilí. Místo abychom jen řečnili o klimatických změnách a nedostatku zdrojů, začínáme respektovat a dodržovat limity naší planety a její atmosféry.

Taková byla meta v roce 2001, kdy Organizace spojených národů přijala Rozvojové cíle tisíciletí (MDG). A bude to meta i napřesrok, kdy MDG vyprší a OSN schválí nástupnický rámec ekologické a rozvojové politiky. Nadcházející soubor Cílů trvale udržitelného rozvoje (SDG) se bude snažit chránit ekosystémy, šetřit přírodní zdroje a podobně jako MDG zbavit miliony lidí chudoby.

Kombinace ekologických a rozvojových rámců je dobrý nápad – nápad, jenž staví na úspěchu řady právně závazných mezinárodních úmluv a dohod formulovaných pod záštitou OSN za účelem ochrany klimatu, ochrany biodiverzity, podpory lidských práv a snížení chudoby. Tyto úmluvy a dohody možná nejsou dokonalé – a země, které je ratifikují, bohužel ne vždy stanovených cílů dosáhnou –, avšak vedly k vytvoření institucionálních procesů, které podněcují země k plnění slibů a dodávají občanům odvahu hnát vlády k zodpovědnosti.

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