Воссоединение Ливана

Сегодняшний кризис в Ливане – это кризис ливанского государства. Если мы хотим остановить насилие, следует устранить данный структурный кризис.

Когда в 2000 году Израиль вывел свои войска из южного Ливана, международное понимание ситуации заключалось в том, что ливанское правительство вновь утвердит свою власть на освобождённых территориях. Организация Хезболла, которая вела вооружённую борьбу против израильской оккупации, должна была разоружиться и превратиться в политическую силу, представляющую шиитское сообщество, которое исторически угнеталось правящими в Ливане элитами маронитов, суннитов и друзов.

Ничего из этого не произошло. Вместо того, чтобы развернуть свои войска в южном Ливане, слабое правительство в Бейруте уступило стремлению организации Хезболла превратить данный регион в плацдарм для атак на Израиль. За последние шесть лет Хезболла фактически создала государство в государстве: её боевики стали единственной военной силой в южном Ливане, они понастроили блокпостов вдоль границы с Израилем, иногда всего лишь в нескольких метрах от неё. Время от времени Хезболла обстреливала Израиль, а её лидер Хасан Насралла продолжал свои кровожадные выпады, направленные не только против Израиля и сионизма, но и против всех евреев.

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