Jak dát dohromady Libanon

Dnešní krize v Libanonu je krizí libanonského státu. Jde o krizi strukturní, již je potřeba překonat, má-li ustat násilí.

Když Izrael v roce 2000 stáhl své jednotky z jižního Libanonu, mezinárodním předpokladem bylo, že libanonská vláda na vyklizeném území obnoví své pravomoci. Hizballáh, který proti izraelské okupaci vedl ozbrojený boj, měl odzbrojit a přetavit se v politickou sílu, zastupující šíitskou komunitu, již libanonské vládnoucí maronitské, sunnitské a drúzské elity historicky marginalizovaly.

Nic z toho se nestalo. Slabá bejrútská vláda se místo nasazení svých sil v jižním Libanonu smířila s odhodláním Hizballáhu proměnit oblast v opěrné území pro útoky proti Izraeli. Během uplynulých šesti let si Hizballáh vybudoval virtuální stát ve státě: jeho milice se v jižním Libanonu staly jedinou vojenskou silou a vybudovaly si základny podél hranice s Izraelem, občas jen několik metrů od ní. Příležitostně Hizballáh ostřeloval Izrael a jeho vůdce Hasan Nasralláh pokračoval ve svých děsivých invektivách, a to nejen proti Izraeli a sionismu, ale proti všem Židům.

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